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英文清明節的由來與傳說手抄報內容資料

整理:老師板報網   時間:2017-03-30   評論:    英文清明節的由來與傳說手抄報內容資料

  我國傳統的清明節大約始于周代,已有二千五百多年的歷史。清明最開始是一個很重要的節氣,清明一到,氣溫升高,正是春耕春種的大好時節,故有“清明前后,種瓜種豆”。“植樹造林,莫過清明”的農諺。后來,由于清明與寒食的日子接近,而寒食是民間禁火掃墓的日子,漸漸的,寒食與清明就合二為一了,而寒食既成為清明的別稱,也變成為清明時節的一個習俗,清明之日不動煙火,只吃涼的食品。

  關于寒食,有這樣一個傳說:

  相傳春秋戰國時代,晉獻公的妃子驪姬為了讓自己的兒子奚齊繼位,就設毒計謀害太子申生,申生被逼自殺。申生的弟弟重耳,為了躲避禍害,流亡出走。在流亡期間,重耳受盡了屈辱。原來跟著他一道出奔的臣子,大多陸陸續續地各奔出路去了。只剩下少數幾個忠心耿耿的人,一直追隨著他。其中一人叫介子推。有一次,重耳餓暈了過去。介子推為了救重耳,從自己腿上割下了一塊肉,用火烤熟了就送給重耳吃。十九年后,重耳回國做了君主,就是著名春秋五霸之一晉文公。

  晉文公執政后,對那些和他同甘共苦的臣子大加封賞,唯獨忘了介子推。有人在晉文公面前為介子推叫屈。晉文公猛然憶起舊事,心中有愧,馬上差人去請介子推上朝受賞封官。可是,差人去了幾趟,介子推不來。晉文公只好親去請。可是,當晉文公來到介子推家時,只見大門緊閉。介子推不愿見他,已經背著老母躲進了綿山(今山西介休縣東南)。晉文公便讓他的御林軍上綿山搜索,沒有找到。于是,有人出了個主意說,不如放火燒山,三面點火,留下一方,大火起時介子推會自己走出來的。晉文公乃下令舉火燒山,孰料大火燒了三天三夜,大火熄滅后,終究不見介子推出來。上山一看,介子推母子倆抱著一棵燒焦的大柳樹已經死了。晉文公望著介子推的尸體哭拜一陣,然后安葬遺體,發現介子推脊梁堵著個柳樹樹洞,洞里好象有什么東西。掏出一看,原來是片衣襟,上面題了一首血詩:

  割肉奉君盡丹心,但愿主公常清明。

  柳下作鬼終不見,強似伴君作諫臣。

  倘若主公心有我,憶我之時常自省。

  臣在九泉心無愧,勤政清明復清明。

  晉文公將血書藏入袖中。然后把介子推和他的母親分別安葬在那棵燒焦的大柳樹下。為了紀念介子推,晉文公下令把綿山改為“介山”,在山上建立祠堂,并把放火燒山的這一天定為寒食節,曉諭全國,每年這天禁忌煙火,只吃寒食。

  走時,他伐了一段燒焦的柳木,到宮中做了雙木屐,每天望著它嘆道:“悲哉足下。”“足下”是古人下級對上級或同輩之間相互尊敬的稱呼,據說就是來源于此。

  第二年,晉文公領著群臣,素服徒步登山祭奠,表示哀悼。行至墳前,只見那棵老柳樹死樹復活,綠枝千條,隨風飄舞。晉文公望著復活的老柳樹,像看見了介子推一樣。他敬重地走到跟前,珍愛地掐了一下枝,編了一個圈兒戴在頭上。祭掃后,晉文公把復活的老柳樹賜名為“清明柳”,又把這天定為清明節。

  以后,晉文公常把血書袖在身邊,作為鞭策自己執政的座佑銘。他勤政清明,勵精圖治,把國家治理得很好。

  此后,晉國的百姓得以安居樂業,對有功不居、不圖富貴的介子推非常懷念。每逢他死的那天,大家禁止煙火來表示紀念。還用面粉和著棗泥,捏成燕子的模樣,用楊柳條串起來,插在門上,召喚他的靈魂,這東西叫“之推燕”(介子推亦作介之推)。此后,寒食、清明成了全國百姓的隆重節日。每逢寒食,人們即不生火做飯,只吃冷食。在北方,老百姓只吃事先做好的冷食如棗餅、麥糕等;在南方,則多為青團和糯米糖藕。每屆清明,人們把柳條編成圈兒戴在頭上,把柳條枝插在房前屋后,以示懷念。

  英文版:

  China's traditional Ching Ming Festival began in the Zhou Dynasty, has two thousand five hundred years of history. Ching Ming is the beginning of a very important solar terms, Ching Ming one, the temperature rise, it is spring season, a good season, it is "before and after the Qingming, species of melon beans." "Tree afforestation, than the Qingming" agricultural proverb. Later, because Ching Ming and cold food close to the day, and cold food is the days of civil embezzling grave, gradually, cold food and Ching Ming combined, and cold food has become a fame of Ching Ming, also became a custom of the Qingming season , Qingming day does not fire, eat only cold food.

  About cold food, there is such a legend:

  According to legend, the Spring and Autumn Warring States period, Jin Xian Gong's concubine Li Ji in order to let his son Xi Qi succession, to set up a poisonous murder Prince Shen Sheng, Shen was forced suicide. Shen's brother re-ear, in order to avoid the scourge, exile ran away. During the exile, the heavy ear suffered humiliation. The original along with him out of the courtiers, mostly in turn continue to go out. Leaving only a few loyal people, has been following him. One of them is called mediator. Once again, heavy ear hungry fainted. Meson push in order to save the ear, cut off a piece of meat from their own legs, cooked with a fire to give heavy ears to eat. Nineteen years later, the heavy head to return to do the monarch, is one of the famous Spring and Autumn five heir.

  Jin Wengong after the ruling, and those who joined him through thick and thin, and only forgotten the meson push. Some people in front of Jin Wen Gong pushed for the intercession. Jin Wengong suddenly remembered the old things, the hearts of a shame, immediately sent a man to ask the child to push the feudal officials. However, the difference to a few times, the meson can not push. Jin Wengong had to kiss please. However, when Jin Wen Gong came to the meson push home, I saw the door closed. Meson push do not want to see him, has been carrying his mother hiding in the Mianshan (now Shanxi Jiexiu southeast). Jin Wengong will let his Guilin Jun Mianshan search, did not find. So, some people out of the idea that it is better to set fire to the mountains, three sides of the ignition, leaving one side, the fire from the time to push their own out. Jin Wengong ordered the fire to burn the mountain, weighed the fire for three days and three nights, the fire extinguished, after all, no meson pushed out. Up the mountain to see, meson push mother and son holding a charred Dali willow is dead. Jin Wen Gong looked at the mediator pushed the body crying for a while, and then buried the body, found that the meson pushed beam guarding a willow tree hole, the cave seems to have something. Took out a look, the original is a piece of skirts, above the title of a blood poem:

  Flesh to do the heart of the heart, I hope the main public clear.

  Liu under the ghosts never see, as strong as the king for Jian Chen.

  If the princess has my heart, remember me often introspection.

  Chen Quan in a well-deserved, diligent and clear Qingming clear.

  Jin Wen Gong hid the blood books into his sleeves. And then put the meson and his mother were buried in the charred under the willow. In order to commemorate the mediator push, Jin Wen Gong ordered Mianshan to "sunny", in the mountains to establish the ancestral hall, and put the fire to the mountain this day as a cold food festival, ignorant of the country, every year this day taboo pyrotechnics, eat cold food.

  When he walked, he cut a section of charred willow, to the palace to do a double clogs, looked at it every day sighed: "sadly enough." "Shixia" is the ancients lower level of peer or peer respect between each other, said Is derived from this.

  The second year, Jin Wen Gong led the ministers, Sufu climbing mountain worship, expressed condolences. Go to the grave, I saw the old tree willow tree resurrection, green branches, the wind fluttering. Jin Wen Gong looked at the resurrection of the old willow, like to see the same push the meson. He respectfully went to the front, cherish the pinch of the branches, made a circle wearing a child on the head. After the sweep, Jin Wen Gong to the resurrection of the old willow named "Qingming Liu", and this day as Ching Ming Festival.

  Later, Jin Wen often blood books sleeves in the side, as a spur of their ruling Zou Ming Ming. He is diligent and clean, good governance, the country is well governed.

  Since then, the people of Jin to live and work in peace, not active, not wealthy meson push very much. Every day he died, we ban the fireworks to commemorate. But also with flour and jujube mud, pinched into swallows look, with the willow strung together, inserted in the door, summon his soul, this thing called "push Yan" (meson push also referral). Since then, cold food, Qingming became a national people's grand festival. Every cold food, people do not fire cooking, eat cold food. In the north, the people eat only eat cold food such as jujube, wheat cake, etc .; in the south, then more for the green group and glutinous rice lotus root. Every time Ching Ming, people wicker into a circle of children worn on the head, the wicker inserted in front of the house, to miss.


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