China's traditional Ching Ming Festival began in the Zhou Dynasty, has two thousand five hundred years of history. Ching Ming is the beginning of a very important solar terms, Ching Ming one, the temperature rise, it is spring season, a good season, it is "before and after the Qingming, species of melon beans." "Tree afforestation, than the Qingming" agricultural proverb. Later, because Ching Ming and cold food close to the day, and cold food is the days of civil embezzling grave, gradually, cold food and Ching Ming combined, and cold food has become a fame of Ching Ming, also became a custom of the Qingming season , Qingming day does not fire, eat only cold food.
About cold food, there is such a legend:
According to legend, the Spring and Autumn Warring States period, Jin Xian Gong's concubine Li Ji in order to let his son Xi Qi succession, to set up a poisonous murder Prince Shen Sheng, Shen was forced suicide. Shen's brother re-ear, in order to avoid the scourge, exile ran away. During the exile, the heavy ear suffered humiliation. The original along with him out of the courtiers, mostly in turn continue to go out. Leaving only a few loyal people, has been following him. One of them is called mediator. Once again, heavy ear hungry fainted. Meson push in order to save the ear, cut off a piece of meat from their own legs, cooked with a fire to give heavy ears to eat. Nineteen years later, the heavy head to return to do the monarch, is one of the famous Spring and Autumn five heir.
Jin Wengong after the ruling, and those who joined him through thick and thin, and only forgotten the meson push. Some people in front of Jin Wen Gong pushed for the intercession. Jin Wengong suddenly remembered the old things, the hearts of a shame, immediately sent a man to ask the child to push the feudal officials. However, the difference to a few times, the meson can not push. Jin Wengong had to kiss please. However, when Jin Wen Gong came to the meson push home, I saw the door closed. Meson push do not want to see him, has been carrying his mother hiding in the Mianshan (now Shanxi Jiexiu southeast). Jin Wengong will let his Guilin Jun Mianshan search, did not find. So, some people out of the idea that it is better to set fire to the mountains, three sides of the ignition, leaving one side, the fire from the time to push their own out. Jin Wengong ordered the fire to burn the mountain, weighed the fire for three days and three nights, the fire extinguished, after all, no meson pushed out. Up the mountain to see, meson push mother and son holding a charred Dali willow is dead. Jin Wen Gong looked at the mediator pushed the body crying for a while, and then buried the body, found that the meson pushed beam guarding a willow tree hole, the cave seems to have something. Took out a look, the original is a piece of skirts, above the title of a blood poem:
Flesh to do the heart of the heart, I hope the main public clear.
Liu under the ghosts never see, as strong as the king for Jian Chen.
If the princess has my heart, remember me often introspection.
Chen Quan in a well-deserved, diligent and clear Qingming clear.
Jin Wen Gong hid the blood books into his sleeves. And then put the meson and his mother were buried in the charred under the willow. In order to commemorate the mediator push, Jin Wen Gong ordered Mianshan to "sunny", in the mountains to establish the ancestral hall, and put the fire to the mountain this day as a cold food festival, ignorant of the country, every year this day taboo pyrotechnics, eat cold food.
When he walked, he cut a section of charred willow, to the palace to do a double clogs, looked at it every day sighed: "sadly enough." "Shixia" is the ancients lower level of peer or peer respect between each other, said Is derived from this.
The second year, Jin Wen Gong led the ministers, Sufu climbing mountain worship, expressed condolences. Go to the grave, I saw the old tree willow tree resurrection, green branches, the wind fluttering. Jin Wen Gong looked at the resurrection of the old willow, like to see the same push the meson. He respectfully went to the front, cherish the pinch of the branches, made a circle wearing a child on the head. After the sweep, Jin Wen Gong to the resurrection of the old willow named "Qingming Liu", and this day as Ching Ming Festival.
Later, Jin Wen often blood books sleeves in the side, as a spur of their ruling Zou Ming Ming. He is diligent and clean, good governance, the country is well governed.
Since then, the people of Jin to live and work in peace, not active, not wealthy meson push very much. Every day he died, we ban the fireworks to commemorate. But also with flour and jujube mud, pinched into swallows look, with the willow strung together, inserted in the door, summon his soul, this thing called "push Yan" (meson push also referral). Since then, cold food, Qingming became a national people's grand festival. Every cold food, people do not fire cooking, eat cold food. In the north, the people eat only eat cold food such as jujube, wheat cake, etc .; in the south, then more for the green group and glutinous rice lotus root. Every time Ching Ming, people wicker into a circle of children worn on the head, the wicker inserted in front of the house, to miss.